- Lambeth resident facing eviction by Council
- Maritza Tschepp is due to be evicted by Lambeth council from her family home of 33 years. Tschepp is among the few dozen people left in Lambeth’s so-called short-life properties, handed over to housing co-operatives in the late 1970s. Now Lambeth wants to sell the homes, arguing it would raise £50m to spend on other housing priorities
- The muesli-maker who began in a squat mp4 3mins 30mb
- Behind the scenes: Alara Cereals started in a squat with two pound notes. But an inauspiscious start has blossomed in to an unlikely success story …
- I got involved in the squatting movement in the early 1970s. I’d moved to London to study architecture and was living in a building on Tolmers Square, just off Tottenham Court Road. I opposed the philosophy of destroying existing Victorian properties and replacing them with modern blocks solely in the name of making money, so I decided I had to live without it. I didn’t spend money for a year until, in 1975, I found two £1 notes in the street and decided to start a business with it.
We began what’s now Alara by selling fruit and veg that would otherwise have been thrown out. We bought a sack of flour from a wholefoods wholesaler near the squat and started baking bread. Eventually we squatted in a retail premises and turned it into a wholefoods shop.
We got evicted from that shop and another, second premises within two years, so, in 1978, we leased a small shop just off the Euston Road. The shop continued to do very well, but the area was being redeveloped and Camden Council allocated our shop as the site office, so we struck a good deal with them to move to a bigger place on Marchmont Street in Bloomsbury.
We wanted to produce really healthy food, and there were no cereals on the market that had no added sugar, salts or fats at that time, so we started making muesli. With more space in Bloomsbury, we were able to get a muesli mixing machine. It all expanded from that point on, until we had our own factory in Camley Street, King’s Cross. We’ve been embedded in the community for years now – we’ve planted lots of trees near the factory, we have an orchard, and the people who work here live close by, too. Our next mission is to sequester more carbon than the carbon we create in making our products.
Our focus is on creating a healthy product with high nutritional value. As well as keeping our muesli free from sugar, salt and fat, we use superfoods such as goji berries and linseeds, and we’ve developed a complex database that we use to develop blends with specific requirements – such as high selenium, or vitamin C – that will still taste great.
Alara was the first cereal company in the world to be certified organic, and now our factory produces about half of all the organic muesli sold in the UK. We are also the first company to be licensed by the Coeliac Society. We’ve come a long way since squatting, but being accessible to everyone remains central to what we do.
- St. Agnes Place 6mins 20mb mp4
- Short film about the a squatted community in south London that survived for over 30 years before being knocked down by Lambeth council
Date: 2013, Country: UK, City:London, Language: Eng, Length: 20mins
Bonnington Square is right in the heart of London, just two minutes walk from the river and just ten minutes from the Houses of Parliament. In the early eighties the one hundred houses of the Square were all squatted, forming a bohemian community from all around the world.The squat had two community gardens, a cafe, a wholefood shop, a nightclub, a newsletter and even a milkbar. Although it is no longer squatted, there are still many low rent housing cooperatives, and the cafe and the gardens are still collectively run, and the Square is now a model of a modern sustainable urban community.
The story of Villa Road, a squatted street, during the heyday of squatting in the late 1970s, when all over the country people lived together in politicised communities. These squatters were on the left, and were part of a generation whose views were underwritten by Marxist ideology. They believed that the revolution was coming and the state would be overthrown.
Villa Road in south London brought together an extraordinary community of over 200 people.
“The idea was that there would be a revolution. One was always a little bit vague about exactly what form that might take in Britain, maybe a general strike or whatever. It sounds and it was wildly utopian.”
Mike Reid, Villa Roader
Anarchists mixed with hippies and feminists, and homeless single mothers rubbed shoulders with marxist revolutionaries. The core group in Villa Road were white middle-class graduates. These politicised intellectuals with allegiances to various left-wing groups led the Villa Roaders in all their anti-capitalist campaigns.
Villa Roaders were against the nuclear family, which they felt denied the full potential of the individual. They were antagonistic to the police, who they viewed as an embodiment of the state. They identified politically with the working class, and supported striking workers. These were also the early days of feminism, and women on Villa Road struggled to free themselves from male domination by attending consciousness-raising groups and Marxist reading groups. As well as engaging in political activism, some on Villa Road were interested in transforming their unconscious minds through psychotherapy. This took an extreme form at number 12, which was a primal scream commune, run by the charismatic and wholly untrained Jenny James, who now runs a commune in Colombia and gives a rare interview in this film.
In the hot summer of 1976, the Villa Roaders barricaded the street to fend off eviction and demolition. They won a partial victory: half of the street was saved and still stands today. The communist revolution, however, failed to materialise.
The film also documents London’s most long-standing squatted community, St Agnes Place, a street close to Villa Road. They fought eviction and demolition for over 30 years, and were finally evicted by the council only recently, in December 2005.
The ADM in those early days(flv)
Date: 21 january 2011, Country: The Netherlands, City:Amsterdam, Title: The ADM in those early days Language: Dutch, EN subs length: 9 mins, size: 56mb
This footage was part of the documentary “De lente is gratis” (aired by the VPRO in 1999) about squatting in Amsterdam. We squatted the ADM on October 13th 1997. The attempted demolition by Bertus Luske was 3 months later (January 1999) on a Saturday at 6am in the morning….
In 1996, a group called Justice? squatted a shop in Brighton and set up a squatters estate agency, which ended up getting a lot of publicity. This is a local TV report.
De stad was van ons (The city was ours – EN subs)
Date: 1996, Country: NL, Language: NL Length: 70mins, Size: 708mb Type: avi Film-maker: Joost Seelen
‘De stad was van ons’ ontrafelt de geschiedenis van de Amsterdamse kraakbeweging (1975 – 1988) door middel van interviews met krakers van het eerste uur, voor wie de politieke strijd belangrijker was dan het creëren van woonruimte. Daartegenover staan de krakers voor wie de politieke ideologie pas op de tweede plaats kwam. Spanningen tussen de ‘harde kern’ en de latere krakers leidden tot een spiraal van geweld en intimidatie.
Midden jaren negentig lijkt het hoogtepunt van de kraakbeweging voorbij. Ruim vijftien jaar na de Vondelvrijstaat en de kroningsrellen (‘Geen woning, geen kroning’) vindt filmmaker Joost Seelen die tijdens zijn studietijd in Nijmegen geïnteresseerd is geraakt in de theorie en praktijk van sociale bewegingen, dat het tijd is om zich aan een terugblik te wagen. Het is een relaas dat zich niet laat vangen in het beeld van de onschuldige Vondelvrijstaat waaraan door tankcolonnes een einde wordt gemaakt. De afzonderlijke verhalen voegt Seelen samen tot een kroniek van intriges en machtsstrijd in de periode tussen 1975 en 1988, die niet onderdoet voor de koningsdrama’s van Shakespeare.
Classic Dutch squat-docu about the rise and fall of the movement in the 1980s
- 1995 Hobbema commando ontruimingsoefening.avi
- 1997 Schinkelkade & v Eeghenstraat ontruiming AT5.avi
- 1997 Tegentop.avi
- 1997-02-05 Villa Omval & Sarphatiestraat 77 ontruiming AT5.avi
- 1997-02-05 Villa Omval & Sarphatiestraat 77 ontruiming RTL4.avi
- 1997-02-05 Villa Omval & Sarphatiestraat 77 ontruiming SBS6.avi
- 1997-02-05 Villa Omvalontruiming Netwerk.avi
- 1997-02-08 Ontruiming Villa Omval leverd rotzooi op.avi
<a href=”/unsorted/tvnomaden50-1994-krakers_amsterdam.avi”>tvnomaden50-1994-krakers_amsterdam.avi</a> or <a href=”/unsorted/tvnomaden50-1994-krakers_amsterdam.ogg”>ogg</a>
Brighton – Justice in the courthouse(flv)
Date: 1994, Country: UK, City: Brighton, Title: Justice in the courthouse, Language: English, length: 12mins, size: 70mb
In 1994 a group called Justice? squatted an old courthouse in Brighton. This is an Undercurrents film.
Date: 199?, Country: UK, City:Luton, Language: EN, Length:2mins, Size: 25mb Type: mp4 Film-maker: BBC
The Exodus Collective rave on the 130,000 acre estate claimed by the Marquis of Tavistock & meet with his son Lord Howland to resolve conflict at their squatted mansion.
Great documentary about squatting scene in Amsterdam in the 90’s. Nice to see people when they were a bit younger 🙂
Directed by Juliet Bashore.25min UK 1991.The Tuntenhaus („House of Queers”) was originally a squat on Mainzer Str. in East Berlin. This gritty verité documentary follows the fortunes of the Tuntenhaus throught the days of anarchy and riots that followed German reunification to the sudden invasion by 3000 West
German police, armed with tanks and tear gas in a massive operation to
Date: 1990, Country: Canada, City:Vancouver, Language: EN, Length: 48mins, Size: 750mb Type: AvI
The Frances Street squats were a set of six squatted houses, including one women-only squat, that existed between February and November 27, 1990 in Vancouver on Coast Salish Territory in one of the most successful public squats in Canada.
An early press release by the squatters stated: “We are some of the many squatters in Vancouver who are occupying several of the hundreds of habitable houses left vacant by developers. These houses have been slated for demolition and gentrification. In the face of unregulated rent increases, and out of necessity, we have chosen to squat as one of many viable means of protesting this atrocity. Housing is not a luxury, it is a right, and these houses are available now. New developments must be kept within an affordable price range for all people presently affected by the housing crisis. We are currently organizing various neighbourhood inclusive community events (potluck barbecues, daycare facilities, community gardening and recycling) in an effort to open up communication between squatters and paying tenants. We intend to defend these houses. We have been forced to go public at this time because we are in danger of losing our homes.”
A 48-minute documentary, The Beat of Frances Street: Squatting in East Vancouver, was produced during the late and final stages of the squats. The first half of the film contains footage of everyday life in the houses and presents responses to the question “why do you squat?” by fourteen residents. The second half of the film focuses on internal arguments over the use of barricades against imminent police assault and documentation of the assault itself (including commercial news footage) and community response.
- 1993 Kraak Casa Nostra – v Ostadestraat 4.avi
- Liverpool Mutual Aid Centre 10mins mp4 28mb
- The Mutual Aid Centre (Liverpool)
This is a brief history of the Mutual Aid Centre. Its a shortened version of a piece written, in March 1996, for anarcho-syndicalists in Sheffield Solidarity Federation. A list of abbreviations has been added at the end:
The first MAC was squatted in 1987 and lasted for 3 months of 24 hours high profile occupation (coverage in the local papers and radio). At the end of that the MAC was evicted and the deputy Council leader’s office was occupied in protest (the council was the landlord). A few months later the second MAC was squatted. This lasted until early 1995, when it was finally evicted. The second MAC was fairly low profile, with negotiations with the Council for the first few years (then the landlord changed and we were left alone mostly). The second MAC wasn’t occupied 24 hours a day but it was a centre of fairly intense activity for years, until it all fizzled out a couple of years ago.
Activities included (in no particular order): strike support, discussion meetings/ videos, anti-fascism (effectively smashing Liverpool BNP), anti-poll tax, women’s group, anti-sexism, visits to Northern Ireland and support for Troops Out, anti-poll tax, anti-militarism, street stalls, support for Sri Lankan refugee Viraj Mendis until after he was deported, animal rights work, Anarchist Black Cross and prisoner support, food co-op, etc., etc…. Most of this activity was generated by activists in the then Liverpool Anarchist Group. Whether the MAC was an Anarchist Centre run by the LAG or a libertarian centre run by all participating groups never really got sorted (partly because of negotiations with landlords). All the work was done by anarchists. From 1988 to 1992 LAG produced 32 issues of the Merseyside Anarchist Newsletter, which gave a good idea of what Liverpool Anarchists were into (back copies available on request). Other groups that used the centre included Clause 28 and other lesbian and gay groups, a women’s sexual abuse group, Namibia support group, unemployed activist group, unemployed rambling group, Earth First!, writers’ workshop, squatting advice, etc. Some of these groups/ campaigns were short lived (eg writers’ workshops), some lasted throughout the MAC’s existence (eg anti-fascism). The MAC also had silkscreen equipment, a duplicator, a weights bench, etc., as well as having an office (the building had three floors). One of the rooms was originally for woman only, though the women’s group didn’t last so this changed. The MAC was used for regional DAM and AFA meetings, national unemployed meetings, a national anarchist ‘Propaganda’ weekend, a Class War national women’s meeting, an international ABC meeting (delegates from USA, Greece..) etc.. LAG eventually folded at the end of 1991 as people joined Class War or DAM.
MAC business was originally dealt with at LAG meetings, though later a committee (accountable to LAG) was set up to deal with MAC business separately. When the LAG ended the committee was re-organised to ensure equal CW, DAM, and non-aligned representation. All other user groups were encouraged to send an observer. A constitution was drawn up when it seemed the centre might get a lease (based on various constitutions, including Bradford’s 1 in 12 Club), but the negotiations with landlords (they changed three times) went nowhere. The Charity Commission also didn’t buy the application for charitable status. Money was raised to pay for electricity bills and repairs and to fund various groups (DIWU, DAM, CW, TOM, AFA, etc..) by regular parties. These had bands downstairs, beer and veggie food was sold, with half the money for the MAC and half to the group concerned. Towards the end people were also charged 50p in. Hundreds of people came to these. Quite a lot of young people who didn’t come to meetings, but would come out against the fascists or come to parties, were politicised during all this, though not in the sense that they all want to pay subs… The MAC had a lot more support than the LAG itself. Towards the end the MAC was also used by various bands as rehearsal rooms, and occasionally outside groups – such as Red Rope or various Greens – hired the premises for parties.
What lessons can be learnt from all this? First, the original LAG in 1987 was full of mostly young people already active in other areas – CND, NVDA, animal rights, DAM, etc. A lot were vegans, influenced by lifestyle anarchism, though everyone (just about) was prepared to get stuck in. By the time the LAG folded in 1991 those left supported class struggle anarchism, though some had gone back to single issue campaigns with no connection to the MAC (eg hunt sabs).
The centre wasn’t a ‘local’ as the Solidarity Federation would envisage. In the first MAC it was a fight to stop pagan posters going up, and even then there was a list of what wasn’t to happen in the Centre (‘no sexism… no meat eating’ etc.). Most of the moral puritanism vanished as time went on. DAM campaigns – eg for Arbride strikers (Boycott Laura Ashley), or over Tricia Jennings’ sacking – did get support. DAM involvement meant the MAC sign was black and red, and DAM activity and the emerging DAM strategy of building industrial networks were all put forward at LAG meetings. Mostly the LAG was activities based. Theory/ ideas tended to be put in the Newsletter, or be discussed at specific meetings (eg on the State, Syndicalism, Ecology, etc.). Much activity happened outside the MAC, with the MAC operating as a base. In a lot of activities – anti-fascism, anti-poll tax – which organisation you were in (DAM, Class War, or non-aligned) was pretty much irrelevant.
Some things to note:
• The MAC had run its course before the final eviction, mainly because the activist core declined as people went on to do other things, became less committed, became burnt out, or got jobs. Campaigns like the poll tax also took a lot out of people. Enthusiasm for running the place dried up (though the parties were as popular as ever). Activism continued in other areas.
• Because the MAC was a squat, some necessary work was done, but no-one would or could raise the £!,000’s needed to do the place up properly. As a squat – run by committed activists living on fresh air – the MAC went as far as it could go.
• The MAC was eventually evicted but it lasted a long time – over 7 years. Everyone involved got a lot out of it, and lot of people are still around. There’s now a much bigger anarchist base in Liverpool than there was in the early 1980’s. Its something that can be built on.
• Things to avoid in a Centre? The main one is to not be inward-looking, and not to get bogged down with trying to live up to impossible standards of behaviour. Lifestyle anarchism isn’t what you wear its how you think. Trying to create a pure ‘island of Anarchy’ leads to all sorts of problems, people falling out, accusations over nothing etc… Its totally irrelevant to the real world. Anarchism isn’t about being ‘pure’, its about solidarity in the class struggle, direct action, self-management. Its about being effective in the fight for social change and social revolution. Local centres can be an important part of this – as a focus for organising, and to link together struggles in the same area. They’re tools, not ends in themselves.
ABC: Anarchist Black Cross (class struggle prisoner support – anarchist prisoner support in particular).
AFA: Anti-Fascist Action (militant wing of anti-fascist movement).
CW: Class War (anarchist organisation. High media profile, especially during poll tax 1990/91).
CND: Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (there was a big upsurge in anti-militarism, including CND, in the early to mid-1980’s).
DAM: Direct Action Movement (anarcho-syndicalist. Evolved into Solidarity Federation in 1994).
DIWU: Dispatch Industry Workers Union (anarcho-syndicalist union set up by DAM members in London in late 1980’s).
LAG: Liverpool Anarchist Group.
MAC: Mutual Aid Centre.
NVDA: Non-Violent Direct Action (anti-militarist affinity groups, active inside and outside of CND).
TOM: Troops Out Movement (troops out of Northern Ireland).
Bradford’s 1 in 12 Club is a club run on anarchist principles. It was set up by Bradford Claimants’ Union in 1981, acquired premises some years later, and is still going from strength to strength.
The Solidarity Federation is an anarcho-syndicalist organisation affiliated to the International Workers’ Association. It was formed in 1994 from the merging of the DAM with industrial networks in the public sector, education, and the transport industry. SF activity is aimed at building a libertarian workers’ movement, based in both industry and the community.